Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)

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VI St. Augustine: Sermon on the Mount;. Volume I. Series I of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers consists of eight volumes of the of the early Church Fathers, and six volumes of the treatises and homilies of St. Early Church Fathers. This is a comprehensive collection of early Christian writings. Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. Notes about this on line edition of "Early Church Fathers".

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The Fathers. Early Church Fathers section of the Bookshelf. Kindle Edition. The date of this Epistle has been the subject of considerable controversy. It is clear from the writing itself that it was composed soon after some persecution chap. If the former, the date will be about the year 68; if the latter, we must place it towards the close of the first century or the beginning of the second. We possess no external aid to the settlement of this question. The lists of early Roman bishops are in hopeless confusion, some making Clement the immediate successor of St.

Peter, others placing Linus, and others still Linus and Anacletus, between him and the apostle. The internal evidence, again, leaves the matter doubtful, though it has been strongly pressed on both sides.

Holy Moly Batman! The Early Church Fathers were Catholics!

The probability seems, on the whole, to be in favour of the Domitian period, so that the Epistle may be dated about a. In this office Papias was presumably succeeded by Abercius of Hierapolis. The name Papias was very common in the region, suggesting that he was probably a native of the area. The work of Papias is dated by most modern scholars to about A. Despite indications that the work of Papias was still extant in the Late Middle Ages , the full text is now lost.

Extracts, however, appear in a number of other writings, some of which cite a book number. Autocephaly recognized universally de facto, by some Autocephalous Churches de jure. Canonicity mostly recognized:. Partially recognized autocephaly by Constantinople, the Church of Greece, and Alexandria. Canonicity mildly recognized:.

Those who wrote in Greek are called the Greek Church Fathers.

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Justin Martyr was an early Christian apologist , and is regarded as the foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos in the 2nd century. Irenaeus was bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul , which is now Lyon s , France. His writings were formative in the early development of Christian theology, and he is recognized as a saint by both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.

He was a notable early Christian apologist. He was also a disciple of Polycarp. His best-known book, Against Heresies c. Irenaeus wrote that the only way for Christians to retain unity was to humbly accept one doctrinal authority—episcopal councils. Clement of Alexandria was the first member of the church of Alexandria to be more than a name, and one of its most distinguished teachers. He developed a Christian Platonism. Origen, or Origen Adamantius c.

According to tradition, he was an Egyptian [17] who taught in Alexandria, reviving the Catechetical School where Clement had taught. The patriarch of Alexandria at first supported Origen but later expelled him for being ordained without the patriarch's permission. He relocated to Caesarea Maritima and died there [18] after being tortured during a persecution. He was later anathematised and some of his writings condemned as heretical. Using his knowledge of Hebrew, he produced a corrected Septuagint. Athanasius of Alexandria c.

He is remembered for his role in the conflict with Arianism and for his affirmation of the Trinity. At the First Council of Nicaea , Athanasius argued against the Arian doctrine that Christ is of a distinct substance from the Father. They were a 4th-century monastic family, led by Macrina the Younger — to provide a central place for her brothers to study and meditate, and also to provide a peaceful shelter for their mother. These scholars set out to demonstrate that Christians could hold their own in conversations with learned Greek-speaking intellectuals.

They argued that Christian faith, while it was against many of the ideas of Plato and Aristotle and other Greek philosophers , was an almost scientific and distinctive movement with the healing of the soul of man and his union with God at its center. They made major contributions to the definition of the Trinity finalized at the First Council of Constantinople in and the final version of the Nicene Creed. Subsequent to the First Council of Nicea, Arianism did not simply disappear.

The semi-Arians taught that the Son is of like substance with the Father homoiousios , as against the outright Arians who taught that the Son was unlike the Father heterousian. So the Son was held to be like the Father but not of the same essence as the Father. The Cappadocians worked to bring these semi-Arians back to the Orthodox cause. In their writings they made extensive use of the formula "three substances hypostases in one essence homoousia ", and thus explicitly acknowledged a distinction between the Father and the Son a distinction that Nicea had been accused of blurring but at the same time insisting on their essential unity.

John Chrysostom c. After his death or according to some sources, during his life he was given the Greek epithet chrysostomos , meaning "golden mouthed", rendered in English as Chrysostom. Chrysostom is known within Christianity chiefly as a preacher and theologian, particularly in the Eastern Orthodox Church; he is the patron saint of orators in the Roman Catholic Church. Chrysostom is also noted for eight of his sermons that played a considerable part in the history of Christian antisemitism , diatribes against Judaizers composed while a presbyter in Antioch, which were extensively exploited and misused by the Nazis in their ideological campaign against the Jews.

Patristic scholars such as Robert L Wilken point out that applying modern understandings of anti semitism back to Chrysostom is anachronistic due to his use of the Psogos. The Psogos along with the encomium where both rhetorical techniques used in the ancient world in a polemical context. With the encomium "one passes over a man's faults in order to praise him, and in a psogos, one passed over his virtues to defame him. Such principles are explicit in the handbooks of the rhetors, but an interesting passage from the church historian Socrates, writing in the mid fifth century, shows that the rules for invective were simply taken for granted by men and women of the late Roman world" [26].

Chrysostom's sermons along with Basil the Great's have greatly influenced the Christian Church's understanding of economic and distributive justice for the poor, being cited extensively by the Catechism of the Catholic Church [27] as well as Pope Francis in his own sermons critiquing modern day forms of capitalism [28] [29].

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Cyril of Alexandria c. Cyril wrote extensively and was a leading protagonist in the Christological controversies of the late 4th and early 5th centuries. He was a central figure in the First Council of Ephesus in , which led to the deposition of Nestorius as Archbishop of Constantinople. Cyril's reputation within the Christian world has resulted in his titles "Pillar of Faith" and "Seal of all the Fathers".

In his early life, he was a civil servant and an aide to the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius. However, he gave up this life in the political sphere to enter into the monastic life. After moving to Carthage , Maximus studied several Neo-Platonist writers and became a prominent author. When one of his friends began espousing the Christological position known as Monothelitism , Maximus was drawn into the controversy, in which he supported the Chalcedonian position that Jesus had both a human and a divine will. Maximus is venerated in both Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity.

His Christological positions eventually resulted in his torture and exile, soon after which he died. However, his theology was vindicated by the Third Council of Constantinople , and he was venerated as a saint soon after his death. His feast day is celebrated twice during the year: on 21 January and on 13 August. His title of Confessor means that he suffered for the faith, but not to the point of death, and thus is distinguished from a martyr.

His Life of the Virgin is thought to be the earliest complete biography of Mary, the mother of Jesus. John of Damascus c. Born and raised in Damascus , he died at his monastery, Mar Saba, near Jerusalem. A polymath whose fields of interest and contribution included law, theology, philosophy, and music, before being ordained, he served as a chief administrator to the Muslim caliph of Damascus, wrote works expounding the Christian faith, and composed hymns which are still in use in Eastern Christian monasteries.

The Church Fathers Preach Against the Judaizers

The Catholic Church regards him as a Doctor of the Church, often referred to as the Doctor of the Assumption because of his writings on the Assumption of Mary. Those fathers who wrote in Latin are called the Latin Church Fathers. Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus c. Tertullian denounced Christian doctrines he considered heretical, but later in life adopted Montanism , regarded as heretical by the mainstream Church, which prevented his canonization.

He wrote three books in Greek and was the first great writer of Latin Christianity, thus sometimes known as the "Father of the Latin Church". In his Apologeticus , he was the first Latin author who qualified Christianity as the vera religio , and systematically relegated the classical Roman Empire religion and other accepted cults to the position of mere "superstitions". Later in life, Tertullian joined the Montanists, a heretical sect that appealed to his rigorism. He wrote that human beings are like little fish. Cyprian c. He was born in North Africa , probably at the beginning of the 3rd century, perhaps at Carthage, where he received an excellent classical pagan education.

After converting to Christianity, he became a bishop and eventually died a martyr at Carthage. He emphasized the necessity of the unity of Christians with their bishops, and also the authority of the Roman See, which he claimed was the source of "priestly unity"'. Hilary of Poitiers c. His optional memorial in the Roman Catholic calendar of saints is 13 January.

Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)
Ante-Nicene Fathers Volume 1 - Enhanced Version (Early Church Fathers)

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